From research labs and supplier factories to assembly lines and dealership showrooms, the auto industry supports nearly 8 million American jobs. In sum, the industry pays $500 billion in annual compensation, and generates $70 billion in personal tax revenue. While FCA US, Ford and General Motors are just three of the sixteen automakers competing in the U.S. market, they employ two-thirds of America’s autoworkers. Why do FCA US, Ford and General Motors contribute so much more to our economy? They conduct the bulk of their engineering, manufacturing, marketing and finance work here, in the United States. One out of three FCA US, Ford and General Motors employees are based in the U.S. Conversely, at Toyota, Honda, Nissan, Hyundai/Kia, BMW, Mercedes and VW (the seven largest foreign automakers), only five in one-hundred employees are based here. That six-fold difference translates into millions of indirect U.S. jobs, and tens of billions of dollars in parts sales, R&D and capital investment each year.
As low-skill manufacturing has shifted overseas, the importance of high-skill manufacturing, such as automobile manufacturing, has risen. Likewise, with auto sales rebounding from the financial crisis of 2008 and 2009, the role of automakers in our economy will continue to grow. Industry experts predict FCA US, Ford and General Motors could hire 34,000 new workers over the next four years - those new jobs will support about 300,000 indirect new jobs at auto suppliers and other local businesses that serve FCA US, Ford and General Motors plants. The companies themselves currently operate more than 226 assembly plants, factories, research labs, distribution centers and other facilities, located in 32 states, across 115 Congressional districts. Further, their auto-dealer network independently employs more than 580,000 other Americans.
In total, FCA US, Ford, and General Motors account for more than 68% of U.S. auto-industry jobs, while only holding a 45% total share in the U.S. auto market. Because the three companies research, produce and manufacture more vehicles in the United States than any of their foreign competitors, they have proportionally more employees than the size of their market share. Compared to their competitors, six times more of their global work force is based in the U.S.
Fiat SpA (F) is adding 800 employees in Sterling Heights, Michigan, to support production of the redesigned Chrysler 200, reviving a factory that was almost shuttered following the U.S. automaker’s 2009 bankruptcy.
Fiat invested almost $1 billion in the plant, which will build the 2015 Chrysler 200, the Turin, Italy-based company said in a statement yesterday. The factory, which employs a total of 2,800 with the new hires, has added new paint and body shops, increasing its total size to about 2 million square feet.
Chrysler Group LLC plans to hire up to 1,000 part-time employees for Toledo's Jeep plant in order to keep production rolling while giving regular employees more time off.
“Our people have been working a tremendous amount of hours,” Plant Manager Chuck Padden said. “To get them more time off is important to us, to make sure they’re refreshed, and can work safely.”
To celebrate Shenetra Moses’ college graduation, her mother pulled childhood photos dating to kindergarten into a poster board collage. Amid the photos was an old, handwritten note, on which a 12-year-old Shenetra laid down her future career plans.
“She said, ‘Mom, I think I want to be an engineer,’ ” Sandra Potts recalled. “I said: ‘Do you even know what that is?’ ”
Outside the Dow Jones, Ford , to the delight of union workers, is bringing jobs back to America. Yesterday, the automaker debuted new versions of its F-650 and F-750 trucks which will go on sale in the second half of 2015. Ford is bringing some components back in-house which will reduce costs, simplify issues, and save a majority of the 1,600 UAW production workers at its Ohio plant.
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