From research labs and supplier factories to assembly lines and dealership showrooms, the auto industry supports nearly 8 million American jobs. In sum, the industry pays $500 billion in annual compensation, and generates $70 billion in personal tax revenue. While FCA US, Ford and General Motors are just three of the sixteen automakers competing in the U.S. market, they employ two-thirds of America’s autoworkers. Why do FCA US, Ford and General Motors contribute so much more to our economy? They conduct the bulk of their engineering, manufacturing, marketing and finance work here, in the United States. One out of three FCA US, Ford and General Motors employees are based in the U.S. Conversely, at Toyota, Honda, Nissan, Hyundai/Kia, BMW, Mercedes and VW (the seven largest foreign automakers), only five in one-hundred employees are based here. That six-fold difference translates into millions of indirect U.S. jobs, and tens of billions of dollars in parts sales, R&D and capital investment each year.
As low-skill manufacturing has shifted overseas, the importance of high-skill manufacturing, such as automobile manufacturing, has risen. Likewise, with auto sales rebounding from the financial crisis of 2008 and 2009, the role of automakers in our economy will continue to grow. Industry experts predict FCA US, Ford and General Motors could hire 34,000 new workers over the next four years - those new jobs will support about 300,000 indirect new jobs at auto suppliers and other local businesses that serve FCA US, Ford and General Motors plants. The companies themselves currently operate more than 226 assembly plants, factories, research labs, distribution centers and other facilities, located in 32 states, across 115 Congressional districts. Further, their auto-dealer network independently employs more than 580,000 other Americans.
In total, FCA US, Ford, and General Motors account for more than 68% of U.S. auto-industry jobs, while only holding a 45% total share in the U.S. auto market. Because the three companies research, produce and manufacture more vehicles in the United States than any of their foreign competitors, they have proportionally more employees than the size of their market share. Compared to their competitors, six times more of their global work force is based in the U.S.
General Motors will spend $877 million to build a new body shop and assembly equipment at its Flint Truck Assembly plant.
The investment announced Tuesday is the latest announced portion of GM's $5.4-billion capital improvement initiative at 40 U.S. plants.
“This investment will allow us to use a more innovative approach to deliver material between two critical facilities, reducing handling and the time it takes to ship parts,” said Cathy Clegg, GM vice president for North America manufacturing and labor relations.
General Motors' plan to invest $5 billion in a family of technology-rich small cars reflects the industry's changing attitudes toward opportunities in emerging markets, where consumers and regulators are increasingly demanding more advanced vehicles.
In the past, Western automakers typically served these markets with low-cost, bare-bones cars, or produced stripped-down versions of vehicles that had reached the end of their product lives in mature markets.
GM President Dan Ammann said the company believes neither approach will work in the future.
FCA US powers STEM pipeline with diverse talent
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